Committee on International Relations
U.S. House of Representatives
Henry J. Hyde, Chairman

CONTACT: Sam Stratman, (202) 226-7875, June 17, 2005

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Sudan & U.S. Policy
Hyde Schedules Wednesday Hearing to Review
Genocide, Peace Implementation & Reconstruction

BACKGROUND: Sudanís 21-year civil war has claimed an estimated 2 million lives and displaced millions more. Meanwhile, the ongoing crisis in Darfur in Western Sudan has led to a major humanitarian disaster, with an estimated 1.9 million people displaced and more than 213,000 forced into neighboring Chad. While there are no reliable estimates of casualties as a result of the conflict in Darfur, some observers estimate that up to 300,000 people have been killed since the summer of 2003. In July 2004, the House and Senate declared the atrocities in Darfur to be genocide, and the Bush Administration reached the same conclusion in September of 2004. Relations between the United States and Sudan are poor, largely due to Khartoum's human rights violations, its war policy in the South, and its support for international terrorism. In November 1997, the Clinton Administration imposed comprehensive sanctions on the Sudanese Government. President Bush has renewed the sanctions since he came to office in 2001. This hearing will focus on the future of U.S. policy toward Sudan as the United States attempts to balance two urgent goals:  the consolidation of peace in Southern Sudan and the halting of genocide in Darfur. Among the issues expected to be addressed are implementation of the North-South peace agreement, including assistance for reconstruction, development, humanitarian assistance and peacekeeping activities; efforts to leverage the North-South peace agreement to foster peace in Darfur; U.S., NATO, and European Union efforts to support the rapid expansion of the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS); UN efforts to address genocide in Darfur, including the imposition of sanctions against the Sudanese Government; and implications of the UN Security Councilís decision to refer cases of war crimes in Darfur to the International Criminal Court (ICC).

WHAT:                                 Full Committee Oversight Hearing: 
Sudan: Consolidating Peace While Confronting Genocide,
Rep. Henry J. Hyde (R-IL), Chairman

WHEN:                                 10:30 a.m., Wednesday, June 22, 2005

WITNESS:                            Robert B. Zoellick, Deputy Secretary, U.S. Department of State

WHERE:                               Room 2172 Rayburn House Office Building

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